The country of Djibouti is situated between the western edge of the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea -  in the Horn of Africa.

Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden at the east. Djibouti occupies a total area of 23,200 km2 (8,958 sq mi).
The Afars and the Issas from Somalia, are the countrys two main ethnic groups.

Founded in 1285, the Ifat Sultanate was a medieval kingdom with established bases in northern Somalia and Djibouti. In antiquity, the territory was part of the Land of Punt. Nearby Zeila (now in Somalia) was the seat of the medieval Adal and Ifat Sultanates.
Djibouti is strategically located near some of the worlds busiest shipping lanes, controlling access to the Red Sea and Indian Ocean. It serves as a key refueling and transshipment center, and is the principal maritime port for imports to and exports from neighboring Ethiopia.